A significant amount of infectious and hazardous waste is produced by health centres on a daily basis. Medical waste is comprised of treated and untreated elements like animal waste, microbiological waste, pathological waste, animal and human blood and fluids, medicines, medical tools, etc. These waste needs to be handled with extra care to prevent jeopardizing the environment, people, and animals.
If medical waste is not managed correctly, it can cause hospital-acquired infections in members of staff, patients, visitors, scavengers, and people who live in the vicinity. Medical waste contains sharp tools which are used for operations and injections on people with different types of diseases. These tools contain bacteria and viruses because they are not treated, hence if a person or scavenger is pricked by them, they pick up similar infections as those treated with those objects.
Another way that bacteria and viruses are transferred from waste is when people come into contact with waste materials and touch other objects like counter tops, furniture, reading materials, etc. and other persons. This action deposits bacteria onto these surfaces and makes it possible for them to be widely disseminated when other people touch the same surfaces. These germs cause diseases when individuals do not sanitize their hands immediately before touching anything else.
Another primary concern of poor handling of medical waste material is the repacking and reselling of wasted objects and medication by corrupt individuals. Waste products from health facilities should not be recycled if they are not treated well under specialized techniques. Some people may lay their hands on various objects, give them a mere clean and repackage them or repack wasted medicine and send it back to the market. This is so wrong because the inadequately treated objects can cause infections, while the wasted medicine can cause adverse effects on human and animal health or fail to heal due to its ineffectiveness.
Hence, a health centre must focus on quality waste management that safeguards its users. Medical waste management is supervised by the law due to its sensitivity, and every health facility must entrust their waste management to the right companies. One of the factors they must look into is whether the medical waste management company they prefer to hire has the relevant licenses for their services. The company should meet all the standards put in place by the government.
The other important factor to consider is their accessibility and how often they can collect the health centre’s waste materials. Regular waste collection is ideal because it keeps a health facility free of large volumes of waste and helps them meet health standards as well. This largely minimizes the dangers posed on the health centre’s users and neighbors, making the centre safe and bearable.