Molds have an important role in the natural environment, but when they grow and exist inside building establishments, they create a negative effect on the air quality inside the building atmosphere, especially with airborne type of mold species, being a source of allergen and can adversely affect the health of the dwellers, who may have allergic reactions to molds, thus, causing them to experience nasal problems, like sneezing or runny nose, and other health reactions, such as coughing, eye irritation or upper respiratory irritation and even as severe as an asthma attack. Water leaking constantly in a building and has not been given immediate remedial action for a long period of time may result into dampness in the indoor environment and the existence of mold growth. The natural function of molds is to decompose organic matter, especially matters that are no longer living; therefore, when they are found growing inside a building establishment, their natural function takes an adverse effect on decomposing materials inside the building, such as wood, porous objects, drywalls, and carpets.
The purposes of conducting a mold inspection are the following: testing for the presence of molds inside an establishment; when there is a positive presence, identifying the mold species; locating where the molds are growing inside the establishment; and, when remedial action has been done to remove the molds, a post-inspection is performed to assess if the molds have been completely eliminated.
Conducting a mold inspection follows these 5 important procedures: interviewing of building owner or caretaker; conducting an ocular inspection; taking samples; having the samples analysed; and reporting.
Common issues inquired through the interview by the mold inspector are on these topics: humidity inside the building, mold smell, any possible roof or plumbing leaks, or detected mold presence inside the building.
As soon as the mold inspector completes his interview with the homeowner or building caretaker and quickly studying the information he has gathered in the interview, he proceeds to the next step which is conducting an ocular inspection to pinpointed areas where there are likely presences of mold growth, using various tools to confirm the presence, such as a hydrometer to check on the humidity of the room, moisture meter to determine the presence of moisture, borescope to view wall sections, laser thermometer to evaluate the actual heat composition of the surface, and digital camera to record graphically the mold growth presence.
The mold inspector proceeds with the third step of taking air samples, outside and inside the building, using a special air collector device that has the design of specifically collecting airborne mold spores and which can, at the same time, provide conclusive results of the spore counts, giving the inspector an idea if the air quality inside the building is of health risk or not.
A special laboratory analyst handles the given air samples by determining the number of mold spores present per cubic meter of air and, at the same time, analysing the kind of mold specie found in the building.
The summary report of the mold inspector constitutes the visual proof of mold presence, spore level in the air in the building, mold specie present, conclusions and recommendations in maintaining the building condition, as well as measures to remove the presence of molds.